How Middle Class are the ‘Emerging Middle’ or ‘Scooter Class’ in Indonesia? A Household Asset Approach to Social Stratification
Lukas Schlogl () and
Andy Sumner ()
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Lukas Schlogl: King's International Development Institute, King's College London
Andy Sumner: King's International Development Institute, King's College London
No 201407, Working Papers in Economics and Development Studies (WoPEDS) from Department of Economics, Padjadjaran University
The emergence of a ‘new middle’ or a group of people that are neither poor nor in all likelihood completely secure from poverty in many middle-income countries (MICs) raises a series of questions: Is this group really a new ‘middle class’? How is this group new or different from the established ‘middle class’ or the poor or rich (however defined)? What does the new group mean for understandings of societal stratification? In this paper we take the case of Indonesia in order to explore the characteristics of this new group that is evident in many MICs. We use 5 rounds of DHS household data for the period 1994-2012 to consider the evolution of societal stratification through transportation and other assets during economic development in Indonesia.
Keywords: Indonesia; stratification; middle class; measurement; economic development (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: R20 Z13 I32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-sea
Date: 2014-03, Revised 2014-05
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http://ceds.feb.unpad.ac.id/wopeds/201407.pdf First version, 2014 (application/pdf)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:unp:wpaper:201407
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