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The Effectiveness of Consumption Taxes and Transfers as Insurance against Idiosyncratic Risk

Tomoyuki Nakajima () and Shuhei Takahashi

No 74, UTokyo Price Project Working Paper Series from University of Tokyo, Graduate School of Economics

Abstract: We quantitatively evaluate the effectiveness of a consumption tax and transfer pro- gram as insurance against idiosyncratic earnings risk. Our framework is a heterogeneous- agent, incomplete-market model with idiosyncratic wage risk and indivisible labor. The model is calibrated to the U.S. economy. We find a weak insurance effect of the transfer program. Extending the transfer system from the current scale raises consumption un- certainty, which increases aggregate savings and reduces the interest rate. Furthermore, consumption inequality shows a small decrease.

Keywords: Consumption taxes; Transfers; Risk sharing; Consumption inequality; Indivisible labor; Incomplete markets (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E62 D31 J22 C68 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 44 pages
Date: 2017-03
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dge, nep-ias, nep-mac, nep-pbe and nep-pub
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Related works:
Journal Article: The Effectiveness of Consumption Taxes and Transfers as Insurance Against Idiosyncratic Risk (2020) Downloads
Working Paper: The Effectiveness of Consumption Taxes and Transfers as Insurance against Idiosyncratic Risk (2016) Downloads
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