How the covid-19 lockdown affected gender Inequality in paid and unpaid work in Spain
Libertad Gonzalez () and
Economics Working Papers from Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra
The covid-19 pandemic led many countries to close schools and declare lockdowns during the Spring of 2020, with important impacts on the labor market. We document the effects of the covid-19 lockdown in Spain, which was hit early and hard by the pandemic and suffered one of the strictest lockdowns in Europe. We collected rich household survey data in early May of 2020. We document large employment losses during the lockdown, especially in "quarantined" sectors and non-essential sectors that do not allow for remote work. Employment losses were mostly temporary, and hit lower-educated workers particularly hard. Women were slightly more likely to lose their job than men, and those who remained employed were more likely to work from home. The lockdown led to a large increase in childcare and housework, given the closing of schools and the inability to outsource. We find that men increased their participation in housework and childcare slightly, but most of the burden fell on women, who were already doing most of the housework before the lockdown. Overall, we find that the covid-19 crisis appears to have increased gender inequalities in both paid and unpaid work in the short-term.
Keywords: COVID-19; gender roles; labor market; household work; childcare (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D13 J13 J16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hme and nep-lab
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (8) Track citations by RSS feed
There are no downloads for this item, see the EconPapers FAQ for hints about obtaining it.
Working Paper: How the Covid-19 Lockdown Affected Gender Inequality in Paid and Unpaid Work in Spain (2020)
Working Paper: How the COVID-19 Lockdown Affected Gender Inequality in Paid and Unpaid Work in Spain (2020)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:upf:upfgen:1728
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in Economics Working Papers from Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().