EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

The scars of supply shocks: Implications for monetary policy

Luca Fornaro and Martin Wolf

Economics Working Papers from Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra

Abstract: We study the effects of supply disruptions - for instance due to energy price shocks or the emergence of a pandemic - in an economy with Keynesian unemployment and endogenous productivity growth. By temporarily disrupting investment, negative supply shocks generate permanent output losses - or scarring effects. By inducing a negative wealth effect, scarring effects depress aggregate demand, which may even fall below the exogenous fall in supply. However, that scarring effects depress aggregate demand does not necessarily translate into low rates of ination. On the contrary, scarring effects may reinforce and prolong the inflationary impact of supply disruptions. A contractionary monetary policy response may end up deepening scarring effects and increasing inflation in the medium run. A successful disinflation may require a policy mix of monetary tightening and fiscal interventions aiming at supporting business investment and the economy's productive capacity.

Keywords: energy shocks; hysteresis; investment; endogenous growth; inflation; Covid-19 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E22 E31 E32 E52 E62 O42 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020-10, Revised 2023-03
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-mac and nep-mon
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (11)

Downloads: (external link)
https://econ-papers.upf.edu/papers/1748.pdf Whole Paper (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: The scars of supply shocks: Implications for monetary policy (2023) Downloads
Working Paper: The scars of supply shocks: Implications for monetary policy (2020) Downloads
Working Paper: The Scars of Supply Shocks: Implications for Monetary Policy (2020) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:upf:upfgen:1748

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Economics Working Papers from Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ( this e-mail address is bad, please contact ).

 
Page updated 2024-05-20
Handle: RePEc:upf:upfgen:1748