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Structural changes in the US economy: is there a role for monetary policy?

Fabio Canova () and Luca Gambetti ()

Economics Working Papers from Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra

Abstract: This paper investigates the contribution of monetary policy to the changes in output growth and inflation dynamics in the US. We identify a policy shock and a policy rule in a time-varying coefficients VAR using robust sign restrictions. The transmission of policy shocks has been relatively stable. The variance of the policy shock has decreased over time, but policy shocks account for a small fraction of the level and of the variations in inflation and output growth volatility and persistence. We find little evidence of a significant increase in the long run response of the interest rate to inflation. A more aggressive inflation policy in the 1970s would have produced large output growth costs.

Keywords: Monetary policy; Inflation persistence; Transmission of shocks; Time varying coefficients structural VARs (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E52 E47 C53 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cba, nep-mac and nep-mon
Date: 2003-05, Revised 2008-04
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Journal Article: Structural changes in the US economy: Is there a role for monetary policy? (2009) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:upf:upfgen:918

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