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Migration as an Adjustment Mechanism in the Crisis? A Comparison of Europe and the United States 2006-2016

Julia Jauer, Thomas Liebig (), John Martin () and Patrick Puhani

No 1802, Economics Working Paper Series from University of St. Gallen, School of Economics and Political Science

Abstract: We estimate whether migration can be an equilibrating force in the labour market by comparing pre- and post-crisis migration movements at the regional level in both Europe and the United States, and their association with asymmetric labour market shocks. Based on fixedeffects regressions using regional panel data, we find that Europe’s migratory response to unemployment shocks was almost identical to that recorded in the United States after the crisis. Our estimates suggest that, if all measured population changes in Europe were due to migration for employment purposes – i.e. an upper-bound estimate – up to about a quarter of the asymmetric labour market shock would be absorbed by migration within a year. However, in Europe and especially in the Eurozone, the reaction to a very large extent stems from migration of recent EU accession country citizens as well as of third-country nationals.

Keywords: Free mobility; migration; economic crisis; labour market adjustment; Eurozone; Europe; United States (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F15 F22 J61 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dem, nep-eec and nep-lab
Date: 2018-02
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http://ux-tauri.unisg.ch/RePEc/usg/econwp/EWP-1802.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Migration as an adjustment mechanism in the crisis? A comparison of Europe and the United States 2006–2016 (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: Migration as an adjustment mechanism in the crisis? A comparison of Europe and the United States 2006-2016 (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Migration as an adjustment mechanism in the crisis? A comparison of Europe and the United States 2006-2016 (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Migration as an Adjustment Mechanism in the Crisis? A Comparison of Europe and the United States 2006–2016 (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Migration as an adjustment mechanism in the crisis? A comparison of Europe and the United States 2006-2016 (2018) Downloads
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