EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

The Effect of Title IX on Gender Disparity in Graduate Education

Nayoung Rim ()
Additional contact information
Nayoung Rim: United States Naval Academy

Departmental Working Papers from United States Naval Academy Department of Economics

Abstract: During the 1960s, there were essentially three career choices for women: nurse, secretary, or teacher. Graduate school admissions quotas largely prevented women from pursuing different career paths. Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 removed this barrier by making gender discrimination in admissions illegal. This paper examines whether this policy was successful in reducing gender disparity in graduate education. I find a sharp and dramatic convergence of female versus male graduate degree fields coincident with the passage of Title IX. This distributional change occurred as females predominantly moved into male-dominated fields and does not seem to be driven by gender-specific preferences. Further, alternative explanations, including birth control pill access and abortion legalization, were gradual changes and cannot explain the large, national shift in graduate-field distribution that occurred immediately following Title IX. In addition to providing evidence of successful anti-discrimination legislation, this paper sheds new light on the factors responsible for the college gender gap reversal.

Pages: 41 pages
Date: 2017-09
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu, nep-gen and nep-his
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.usna.edu/EconDept/RePEc/usn/wp/usnawp58.pdf (application/pdf)
Our link check indicates that this URL is bad, the error code is: 500 Can't connect to www.usna.edu:80 (A connection attempt failed because the connected party did not properly respond after a period of time, or established connection failed because connected host has failed to respond.)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:usn:usnawp:58

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Departmental Working Papers from United States Naval Academy Department of Economics Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().

 
Page updated 2024-02-29
Handle: RePEc:usn:usnawp:58