EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Sharing, Gift-Giving, and Optimal Resource Use Incentives in Hunter-Gatherer Society

Matthew Baker () and Kurtis Swope ()

Departmental Working Papers from United States Naval Academy Department of Economics

Abstract: In the typical hunter-gatherer society, decision-making is collective, yet decentralized, access to resources is shared, goods are typically distributed via reciprocal exchange, sharing, and gift-giving, and the distribution of both income and decision-making power is egalitarian. We argue these features are interrelated. We adopt an incentive-based view of sharing and gift-giving, in which the fundamental role of sharing and gift-giving is to implement socially desirable production decisions in the face of a common resource use problem. We show how this system decentralizes decision-making, while at the same time encouraging agents to make production decisions in the best interests of the group. Sharing rules give agents optimal use incentives, while gift-giving obligations give agents incentives to reveal private information about skill. The system has some interesting properties; for example, it may result in a relatively equal distribution of income, even though the productive capabilities of agents differ. Our theory is also able to account for some features of the ethnographic record that do not jibe well with existing theories of sharing; for example, why the rather extensive free-riding on the efforts of the most productive agents is typically tolerated in hunter-gatherer society.

New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-evo
Date: 2004-05
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (2) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.usna.edu/EconDept/RePEc/usn/wp/usnawp8.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:usn:usnawp:8

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Departmental Working Papers from United States Naval Academy Department of Economics Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().

 
Page updated 2019-04-16
Handle: RePEc:usn:usnawp:8