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Exploring Hospital Efficiency within and between Italian Regions: New Empirical Evidence

Cristian Barra, Raffaele Lagravinese and Roberto Zotti ()
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Roberto Zotti: University of Turin,

Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis. Working Papers from University of Turin

Abstract: This paper investigates the eciency of Italian hospitals and how their performances have changed over the years 2007-2016, characterized by the great economic recession and budget constraints. We apply the Benefit of Doubt (BoD) approach to determine a composite index that considers the multi-dimensionality of the hospital outcome to be used as main output in a metafrontier production function based on a stochastic frontier framework. The effciency score distribution is then used to construct a Theil index in order to compare over time the inequality of the estimated effciency between hospitals, both within and between regions. The main findings show that the primary source of ineciency comes from managerial ineciency especially for hospitals located in southern regions. A clear and persistent North-South gap in eciency performances of hospitals has been found along with an increase in the inequality in terms of eciency between the areas of the country mostly determined by between region inequality.

Pages: pages 29
Date: 2020-10
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eff and nep-eur
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Journal Article: Exploring hospital efficiency within and between Italian regions: new empirical evidence (2022) Downloads
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