Rethinking Specialization and the Sexual Division of Labor in the 21st Century
Peter Siminski () and
Rhiannon Yetsenga ()
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Rhiannon Yetsenga: University of Technology Sydney
No 2020/04, Working Paper Series from Economics Discipline Group, UTS Business School, University of Technology, Sydney
We show that comparative advantage plays little or no role in explaining the sexual division of labor. Instead, gender norms are the likely explanation. Using direct measures of within-couple specialization, we find that absolute advantage in market work has little (no) role in the time allocations of heterosexual (same-sex) couples. Sex-based specialization is much greater. We then test the predictions of a formal Beckerian model of comparative advantage. A woman would need to be 109 times more productive in market work than her male partner before reaching expected parity in domestic work, and this is likely biased downwards.
Pages: 60 pages
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Working Paper: Rethinking Specialisation and the Sexual Division of Labour in the 21st Century (2020)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:uts:ecowps:2020/04
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