Binding constraints to productive investment in Malawi: A modified HRV framework
Themba Chirwa () and
Nicholas Odhiambo ()
No 27072, Working Papers from University of South Africa, Department of Economics
The paper applies a modified Hausmann, Rodrik, and Velasco (HRV) growth diagnostics framework to analyse Malawi?s growth challenges. The study finds five critical binding constraints affecting productive investment and output growth in Malawi. These include land administration, taxation, customs and trade regulations, political governance, and cost-of-finance. Land constraints are evidenced by highly urban and rural population growth, an inverse co-movement between the rural population and investment per capita, and low land administration indices. Tax constraints are evidenced by the negative growth of investment per capita. Customs and trade regulations constraints are evidenced by non-tariff measures, such as high costs and the time it takes to export and import. Political governance constraints are evidenced by rising government debt and the low score on transparency, accountability, and corruption based on the World Bank?s Public Transparency Scale. Lastly, high cost-of-finance constraints are evidenced by monetary policy challenges, such as high real interest rates, inflation rate, uncompetitive exchange rate, and foreign aid ineffectiveness. Therefore, we recommend that the formulation of crucial policy strategies to alleviate these five significant binding constraints be encouraged. The government should base such an approach to sound growth therapeutics that fully account for each challenge?s root causes.
Keywords: Growth Diagnostics; Investment; Land; Fiscal Policy; Trade; Political Governance; Monetary Policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Journal Article: Binding constraints to productive investment in Malawi: A modified HRV framework (2021)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:uza:wpaper:27072
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