Economics at your fingertips  

Determinants of tax capacity and tax effort in Southern Africa: An empirical analysis

Zurika Robinson, Joyce Chigome and Zurika Robinson
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Zurika Robinson

No 27752, Working Papers from University of South Africa, Department of Economics

Abstract: Literature posits that numerous economic and institutional factors limit the amount of taxes that a country can raise. Against this background, the substantive aim of this study was to assess the determinants of tax capacity and tax effort in the SADC. A multi-step procedure was followed to estimate determinants of tax capacity and tax effort using stochastic tax function and unbalanced panel data for 13 SADC countries1. The study disentangled the error term to estimate the random effects separately from tax effort to capture the time-invariant country-specific effects. Further, tax effort was classified as persistent (long-run) and transient (short-run). The findings of the quantitative analysisindicate that financial deepening, economic development and trade openness influence tax capacity, while corruption and inflation influence tax effort. The SADC region has low persistent tax effort, implying that improving tax administration has superseded tax policy reforms. This result is augmented by the fact that tax legislation efforts were largely successful in tax administration but rather limited given tax policy. Tax policy designers should be informed by conditions of a country and policy considerations confirmed.

Keywords: Tax capacity; tax effort; SADC (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021-08
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-pbe and nep-pub
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed

There are no downloads for this item, see the EconPapers FAQ for hints about obtaining it.

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Working Papers from University of South Africa, Department of Economics Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Shaun Donovan ().

Page updated 2023-06-07
Handle: RePEc:uza:wpaper:27752