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Impact of Early Childcare on Immigrant Children’s Educational Performance

Luca Corazzini (), Elena Meschi () and Caterina Pavese ()
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Caterina Pavese: Department of Economics, University Of Venice Cà Foscari

No 2019: 24, Working Papers from Department of Economics, University of Venice "Ca' Foscari"

Abstract: This paper investigates the impact of attending early childcare on second generation immigrant children’s cognitive outcomes. Our analysis draws on administrative data on the entire population of students in fifth grade collected by the Italian Institute for the Evaluation of the Educational System (INVALSI) for school years 2014/2015 to 2016/2017 matched to unique administrative records on the early childcare public available slots at the municipal level. Our identification strategy exploits cross-sectional and time series variation in the provision of early childcare service across Italian municipalities as an instrument for individual early childcare attendance. Our results point out that the effect of early childcare attendance differs between native and immigrant children. Although we find no effects for Italian children, our estimates show a positive and significant effect on literacy test scores for immigrant children of low educated parents, which suggests that early childcare may be particularly relevant for immigrant children from a disadvantaged background.

Keywords: Childcare; Cognitive skills; Immigrant children; IV (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J13 J15 H75 I20 I28 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 38 pages
Date: 2019
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur, nep-mig and nep-ure
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