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Inequality of Opportunity in Sweden:A Spatial Perspective

Umut Turk () and John Östh ()
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Umut Turk: Department of Economics (University of Verona)

No 09/2017, Working Papers from University of Verona, Department of Economics

Abstract: This paper investigates the spatial dimensions of inequality of opportunity by integrating parental neighbourhood characteristics as exogenous factors influencing the life chances of individuals. We construct egocentric neighbourhoods, where contextual variables are quantified by an approach based on k nearest neighbours. The analyses are carried out with multilevel models departing significantly from previous studies where solely OLS regressions were employed. Using Swedish longitudinal register data, we show that the parental neighbourhood is highly influential in educational inequality of opportunity and remains so for earnings inequality of opportunity even years after exposure.

Keywords: neighbourhood effects; Equality of Opportunity (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: R23 D33 I24 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017-05
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