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Energy Tax Reform and Poverty Alleviation in Mexico

Jose Labeaga, Xavier Labandeira and Xiral López-Otero

No 1801, Working Papers from Universidade de Vigo, Departamento de Economía Aplicada

Abstract: Equity and efficiency are crucial issues behind any tax reform, but they are particularly relevant in countries with high inequality and large shares of poverty. This paper provides a comprehensive socio-economic empirical assessment of Mexico’s recently implemented tax reforms in the energy domain, and of a hypothetical (partial) removal of existing electricity subsidies. Using the rich National Household Income and Expenditure Survey within the context of a demand system adjustment of non-durable goods, this article provides the publicrevenue, environmental and distributional impacts from the simulation of different combinations of energy taxation, subsidyremoval and distributive offsets.

Keywords: Distribution; equity; emissions; subsidy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D12 D31 H23 Q48 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cmp, nep-ene, nep-pub, nep-reg and nep-res
Date: 2018-01
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