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Effects of International Migration on Child Schooling and Child Labour: Evidence from Nepal

Hari Sharma () and John Gibson
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Hari Sharma: University of Waikato

Working Papers in Economics from University of Waikato

Abstract: In the last two decades, Nepal experienced a significant rise in work-related migration and subsequent remittance inflows. We examine the impacts on child education and child labour in a two-wave panel constructed from the 2008 Nepal Labour Force Survey and the 2010 Nepal Living Standards Survey. We use grade-specific net enrolment rates rather than the more commonly studied attendance rate, and exploit variation in destination-driven predicted migration as an instrumental variable. Migration and remittances appear to raise net enrolment of children in secondary education. The positive effect on school outcomes is complemented by a fall in child labour force participation. The effects appear larger for children aged ten and above, and seem to predominantly operate through remittances.

Keywords: human capital; child labour; migration; school enrolment; Nepal (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E20 F22 I21 J22 O15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 26 pages
Date: 2020-06-19
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-int, nep-lma, nep-mac, nep-mig and nep-ure
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