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Returns from income strategies in rural Poland

Jan Falkowski, Maciej Jakubowski () and Pawel Strawinski ()

No 2011-05, Working Papers from Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw

Abstract: In Poland, rural households are encouraged to diversify their activities both in and outside the agricultural sector in order to stabilize and improve their income. However, relatively few households appear to do this. This paper addresses this issue, investigating the returns from the income strategies of rural households using propensity score matching methods and extensive data sets for 1998–2008. The results suggest that returns from combining farm and off-farm activities are lower than returns from specialization, namely, concentrating on either farming or off-farm activities. The income difference between farmers and those who combine farming and off-farm activities increased after Poland joined the European Union.

Keywords: Income diversification; rural areas; propensity score matching; Poland (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D31 O15 Q12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 30 pages
Date: 2011
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr and nep-tra
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Downloads: (external link)
http://www.wne.uw.edu.pl/inf/wyd/WP/WNE_WP45.pdf First version, 2011 (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Returns from income strategies in rural Poland (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Returns from Income Strategies in Rural Poland (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: Returns from Income Strategies in Rural Poland (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: Returns from Income Strategies in Rural Poland (2011) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:war:wpaper:2011-05

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