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Why are women paid less than men? An investigation into gender wage gap in Poland

Aleksandra Majchrowska (), Pawel Strawinski (), Karolina Konopczak () and Agnieszka Skierska ()
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Aleksandra Majchrowska: University of Lodz
Karolina Konopczak: Warsaw School of Economics
Agnieszka Skierska: University of Warsaw

No 2014-31, Working Papers from Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw

Abstract: Despite decades of anti-discriminatory legislation, wage discrimination against women is believed to be a major source of social inequality in the developed economies. In the present study we investigate the issue of gender wage gap in Poland. The analysis is carried out both with regard to the labour market as a whole and in different occupational groups. We control for potential occupational segregation by including only groups with nearly balanced males-to-females ratio (0.4-0.6). The raw wage data suggest that in the case of most occupations women in Poland earn less than men. What is more, when controlling for individual and job characteristics relevant from the perspective of the labour market, the gender pay gap increases. Lower wages received by females cannot be, therefore, justified by lower productivity potential. On the contrary, despite better qualifications than in the case of men, women earn on average less, which points to the existence of gender discrimination in the Polish labour market.

Keywords: wage inequality; Mincer wage equation; Oaxaca-Blinder Decomposition; gender wage gap; Poland (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C21 J31 J71 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 26 pages
Date: 2014
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-lab and nep-tra
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Citations: View citations in EconPapers (2) Track citations by RSS feed

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