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Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health in Dhaka's Slums, Bangladesh

Rafael Cortez, Laura Hinson and Suzanne Petroni

No 91291, Health, Nutrition and Population (HNP) Knowledge Briefs from The World Bank

Abstract: Adolescents around the world face tremendous challenges to meeting their sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs. Inadequate access to health information and services, as well as inequitable gender norms, contribute to a lack of awareness about puberty, sexuality, and basic human rights that can have serious implications on their health and welfare throughout the rest of their lives. These underlying factors lead to high rates of early pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), sexual violence, and early and forced marriage globally. Research has found that adolescence is a profound and complex stage of life that influences future health outcomes, attitudes, and behaviors. Using a life course-perspective requires understanding the relationships between early childhood health and development and its effect on adolescence; the importance of biological changes, cultural traditions, and social norms associated with puberty; as well as the influence that social determinants have on adolescents? up-take of health-related behaviors. To improve and promote adolescent health, development and well-being, it is also important to acknowledge the broader policies and environment in which they live, learn, work, and form relationships (Sawyer 2012)..

Keywords: abuse; access to contraception; access to health; access to health information; adolescence; ADOLESCENT; Adolescent fertility; adolescent girls; adolescent health; adolescent sexuality; age at marriage; age of marriage; aged; antenatal care; average age; basic human rights; beating; births; bodily integrity; care providers; child marriage; childbearing; CHILDBIRTH; clinics; CONTRACEPTIVE KNOWLEDGE; contraceptive methods; contraceptive prevalence; early childhood; Early marriage; early pregnancy; emergency contraception; environmental impact; family members; female; fertility awareness; fertility rate; first birth; first pregnancy; focus group discussions; forced marriage; gender; gender inequality; gender norms; gender roles; gender-based violence; girls; gross national income; harmful practices; health care; health care providers; health facilities; health facility; health outcomes; health services; hospital; household surveys; husbands; inequitable gender norms; infections; informal sectors; International Center for Research on Women; IUDs; lack of awareness; laws; levels of knowledge; living conditions; low- income country; married adolescent girls; married adolescents; menstrual cycle; method of contraception; Midwives; modern contraception; modern contraceptive prevalence; mother; mothers; national level; number of adolescents; Nutrition; Population Knowledge; Population Research; pregnant adolescents; pregnant girls; pregnant women; premarital sex; primary education; provision of services; puberty; REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH; risk of pregnancy; rural areas; secondary school; sex; sexual violence; sexuality; sexually transmitted infections; siblings; skilled birth attendance; social isolation; social norms; socialization; sterilization; STIs; traditional healers; unmarried adolescent; unmarried adolescent girls; unmarried adolescents; unmarried girls; urban areas; use of contraception; workers; young men; Young people; young women; youth (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 4 pages
Date: 2014-10
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