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Achieving MDGs 4&5: China's Progress on Maternal and Child Health

Rafael Cortez, Seemeen Saadat, Intissar Sarker and Shuo Zhang

No 92273, Health, Nutrition and Population (HNP) Knowledge Briefs from The World Bank

Abstract: China has made great progress in improving maternal and child health (MCH). It reduced maternal deaths from 1,500 per 100,000 live births and over 200 infant deaths per 1,000 live births in 1949 to 120 per 100,000 live births and infant deaths to 42 per 1,000 by 1990. Currently China is on track to meet its MDG 5 target of 31 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births, and has already achieved its MDG 4 target of reducing child mortality to 16 deaths per 1,000 live births. This note explores the actions China has taken to reduce child and maternal mortality, focusing on key policies and programs since the 1990s.

Keywords: acute respiratory infections; adult literacy; basic health; basic health services; capacity building; cesarean sections; CHILD HEALTH; child health outcomes; CHILD HEALTH PROGRAMS; Child Immunization; child mortality; Child Survival; Childhood Diseases; Contraceptive Prevalence; decision making; dependency ratio; Diarrheal Disease; Diarrheal Disease Control; Disease Control; diseases; doctors; employment; Family Planning; fertility; fertility rate; gender disparities; gender inequities; gender parity; health burden; Health Care; health care costs; Health Economics; health education; Health Expenditure; health expenditures; Health Information; Health Information System; Health Insurance; health outcomes; HEALTH POLICIES; Health Policy; HEALTH PROGRAMS; Health sector; Health Service; Health Service Delivery; health services; HEALTH SYSTEM; health workers; HIV; hospital; hospital care; hospitals; human resources; hygiene; ill health; illness; illnesses; immunization; Immunizations; income; Infant; infant deaths; Infant Health; Infant Health Care; Infection; Information System; inpatient care; laws; live births; Local capacity; local governments; MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH; Maternal Care; Maternal death; maternal deaths; Maternal Health; Maternal Health Care; maternal mortality; maternal mortality rate; Maternal Mortality Ratio; MCH; measles; midwives; Migrant; Migrant workers; Ministries of Health; minority; mortality; mother; mother-to-child; mother-to-child transmission; neonatal health; neonatal mortality; Neonatal Tetanus; noncommunicable diseases; Nutrition; political leadership; Population Knowledge; pregnancy; prenatal care; PROGRESS; Public Health; quality of care; respiratory infections; rural areas; Rural Population; rural populations; Safe Motherhood; secondary education; Secondary school; service delivery; service provision; Skilled Birth Attendance; social mobilization; Social Science; social services; Tetanus; Tropical Medicine; Under 5 Mortality; universal primary education; vaccines; vulnerable populations; woman; Workers (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 4 pages
Date: 2014-08
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