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Achieving MDGs 4&5: Nepal's Progress on Maternal and Child Health

Seemeen Saadat, Rafael Cortez, Albertus Voetberg, Sadia Chowdhury and Intissar Sarker

No 92274, Health, Nutrition and Population (HNP) Knowledge Briefs from The World Bank

Abstract: Nepal has achieved its targets for MDGs 4 and 5a. Maternal mortality declined from 790 to an estimated 190 deaths per 100,000 live births between 1990 and 2013 an impressive 76 percent decline. Under-five mortality showed a similarly impressive decline going from 142 to 42 deaths per 1,000 births between 1990 and 2012. This Health, Nutrition, and Population (HNP) note explores the actions Nepal has taken to reduce maternal and child mortality.

Keywords: Abortion; Abortions; acute respiratory infections; Adolescent Health; adolescents; age groups; basic health; basic health care; birth attendants; Bulletin; caesarean sections; CHILD HEALTH; child health services; child mortality; Child Survival; Childhood; Childhood Illness; Chronic malnutrition; citizens; clinics; Commission on Population; community health; community participation; contraceptive prevalence; deaths; delivery care; diarrhea; Diarrheal Diseases; discrimination; Diseases; dissemination; emergency obstetric care; family planning; family planning program; female; fertility; fertility rate; Gender; Gender Equality; government leadership; health care; health care services; health care system; Health expenditure; health facilities; health interventions; health outcomes; Health Plan; HEALTH POLICIES; Health Policy; health posts; HEALTH PROGRAMS; health projects; Health Sector; Health Strategy; Health Surveys; health system; Health Workers; home deliveries; Human Resources; Illness; illnesses; immunization; income; Income inequality; iron; live births; low-income country; mandates; MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH; Maternal Health; Maternal mortality; Maternal Mortality Ratio; measles; Midwives; migrant; Ministry of Health; modern contraceptives; Morbidity; mortality; mothers; National Health Policy; national level; National Plan; National Plan of Action; National Population; neonatal health; Newborn; Newborn Care; normal deliveries; Nurse; Nutrition; pneumonia; Polio; population growth; population growth rate; Population Strategy; pregnancy; primary education; PROGRESS; Public health; Public health services; quality of care; referral systems; remittance; remittances; Reproductive Health; reproductive health services; rural areas; safe motherhood; secondary school; secondary school level; service delivery; service provision; skilled attendance; skilled birth attendance; skilled birth attendants; social barriers; socioeconomic status; supply shortages; teenage pregnancies; teens; traditional birth attendants; Under-five mortality; unwanted pregnancies; woman; Workers; World Health Organization (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 4 pages
Date: 2014-08
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:hnpkbs:92274