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Achieving MDGs 4&5: Egypt's Progress on Maternal and Child Health

Intissar Sarker, Seemeen Saadat, Rafael Cortez and Alaa Mahmoud Hamed Abdel-Hamid

No 92549, Health, Nutrition and Population (HNP) Knowledge Briefs from The World Bank

Abstract: Egypt is a lower-middle-income country with a GNI per capita (PPP) of US$ 5,654 in 2012. Since the Arab Spring, Egypt?s economic growth has slowed to 0.6 percent in 2012. Half of Egypt?s 82.54 million people live in rural areas. Poverty is concentrated in Upper Egypt (the southern region). As of 2009, 43.7 percent of Upper Egypt?s rural population was living in poverty. Egypt has made considerable progress in improving maternal and child health. According to interagency estimates, child mortality declined from 86 to 21 deaths per 1,000 live births between 1990 and 2012 a 75.4 percent drop, that exceeds Egypt?s target for MDG 4. Egypt also successfully reduced neonatal mortality by 65 percent during the same period. Egypt?s maternal mortality ratio (MMR) declined from 120 to 45 deaths per 100,000 live births between 1990 and 2013 a 62 percent decrease, also exceeding its MDG 5 target. However, recent political events in the country bring into question the long-term sustainability of gains if conditions do not improve. This note explores the actions Egypt has taken to reduce child and maternal mortality, with a focus on policies and programs.

Keywords: adolescent; adolescent fertility; adolescent mothers; adolescent reproductive health; age at marriage; aged; anemia; antenatal clinics; antibiotics; birth spacing; breastfeeding; capacity building; care services; CHILD HEALTH; child health services; child mortality; Child Survival; Childhood Illness; clinics; contraception; contraceptive prevalence; deworming; disability; disease; Domestic Violence; drug supplies; early age at marriage; Evolution of Population Policies; family planning; family planning services; female labor force; fertility; fertility rate; Gender equality; gender parity; Gender Policy; girls; girls in school; Global Health; health expenditure; health interventions; HEALTH POLICIES; HEALTH PROGRAMS; Health Strategy; Health Surveillance; health system; health workers; HIV; HIV/AIDS; home visits; hospitalization; Human Resources; Illness; illnesses; immunization; Immunizations; income; live births; low-income country; Lung Disease; Lung Health; malaria; Malaria Control; Malaria treatment; MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH; maternal deaths; maternal mortality; Maternal Mortality Ratio; measles; morbidity; morbidity and mortality; Mother; Mother-to-Child; Mother-to-Child Transmission; National Population; National Population Policy; Neonatal Mortality; Newborn; Newborn Care; newborn child; newborn deaths; Nutrition; obstetrics; oxygen; Plan of Action; pneumonia; political participation; Population Knowledge; Population Research; Post-abortion; Post-abortion care; pregnant women; Prevention of Mother; Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission; preventive treatment; primary care; primary education; primary school; PROGRESS; public health; public health services; quality of care; quality of services; regional strategies; risk of death; rural areas; rural women; Safe Motherhood; secondary school; secondary school level; service delivery; skilled birth attendance; therapy; Tuberculosis; Under-five mortality; unsafe abortions; woman; women in parliament; Young people; young women; youth (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 4 pages
Date: 2014-08
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