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Janani Suraksha Yojana - India's Conditional Cash Transfers for Poor Pregnant Women

Shreelata Rao Seshadri and Vikram Rajan

No 93548, Health, Nutrition and Population (HNP) Knowledge Briefs from The World Bank

Abstract: In 2005 about one in every five maternal deaths and one in every three neonatal deaths globally occurred in India (Lim, 2010). Two out of three deaths were reported from the eight Empowered Action Group (EAG) states and Assam, state that are home to 48 percent of the population (National Family Health Survey-3). Institutional deliveries accounted for only about 40 percent of the births 30 percent or lower in these nine states; 60 percent of deliveries took place without skilled birth attendance and most deaths occurred within 48 hours of birth. Inequities by social class and gender were also stark: less than 40 percent of Scheduled Caste and about 28 percent of Scheduled Tribe women both socially disadvantaged groups had access to skilled birth attendance; and this figure was equally low at 27.5 percent for women from the lowest wealth quintile (District Level health Survey 2).

Keywords: conditional cash transfer; pregnant; women; maternal; neonatal; death; maternal mortality ratio; MMR; Millennium Development Goals; MDGs; reproductive health; outcomes; infant mortality; CCT; JSY (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 4 pages
Date: 2014-11
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