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Socioeconomic Differences in Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health: Sources of Family Planning

Rafael Cortez, Claire Brindis, Mara Decker and Jennifer Yarger

No 93551, Health, Nutrition and Population (HNP) Knowledge Briefs from The World Bank

Abstract: Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health (ASRH) is one of five areas of focus of the World Bank?s Reproductive Health Action Plan 2010?2015 (RHAP), which recognizes the importance of addressing ASRH as a development issue with important implications for poverty reduction. Delaying childbearing and preventing unintended pregnancies during adolescence has been shown to improve health outcomes and increase opportunities for schooling, future employment, and earnings (Greene & Merrick, 2005). Knowledge of family planning (FP) methods and how to access them is an important precursor to use of a method and, in turn, the prevention of unplanned pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) during adolescence (Agha, 2002; Piotrow, Kincaid, Rimon, Rinehart, and Samson, 1997). Communication campaigns are designed to reach men and women through use of radio, television, magazines, and other media to transmit FP information, as well as information about HIV testing and treatment, among other health issues (Hutchinson and Wheeler, 2006; Van Rossem and Meekers 2007). Health workers also share family planning information in clinic settings through community health worker models (Argaw, 2007; Lehman and Sanders, 2007; Mmari and Magnani, 2003).

Keywords: access to health services; adolescence; ADOLESCENT; adolescent females; Adolescent Health; Adolescent Sexual Health; adolescent women; adolescents; aged; childbearing ... See More + community health; Community Health Workers; disadvantaged groups; educational attainment; Extension; FAMILY PLANNING; FAMILY PLANNING INFORMATION; family planning methods; family planning services; health facilities; HEALTH FACILITY; Health Interventions; health needs; health outcomes; health promotion; health workers; HIV; implications for poverty reduction; information to adolescents; International Family Planning; International Family Planning Perspectives; Knowledge of family planning; marital status; married adolescent women; married adolescents; married women; Nutrition; OUTREACH WORKER; Population Knowledge; primary education; Progress; Public Health; radio; REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH; Reproductive Health Services; rural areas; rural communities; sexually transmitted infections; Social Marketing; SOCIOECONOMIC DIFFERENCES; socioeconomic status; STIs; television; TV; unintended pregnancies; unplanned pregnancies; urban areas; young people; Youth (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 4 pages
Date: 2015-01
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