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India: Maternal and Reproductive Health at a Glance

Sameh El-Saharty, Naoko Ohno, Intissar Sarker, Federica Secci and Vikram Rajan

No 93603, Health, Nutrition and Population (HNP) Knowledge Briefs from The World Bank

Abstract: India is the third largest economy and has the second largest population in the world. It achieved millennium development goal (MDG) on poverty reduction; however, gender inequality still persists. Maternal mortality rate is 190 deaths per 100,000 live births, representing a 65 percent decline from 1990. Fertility fell to 2.5, while contraceptive prevalence rate increased to nearly 55 percent. Seventy-four percent of women sought antenatal care (ANC) from a qualified provider and 52 percent of births were attended by qualified providers. Wide gaps in contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR) and access to skilled-birth attendance remain by geography and wealth quintile. India will focus on preventing unwanted pregnancies especially among adolescents; improving demand-side strategies; strengthening access and quality in public and private sectors; improving antenatal, intranatal, and postnatal care; strengthening monitoring and evaluation (M and E) systems and reducing inequities; and improving nutrition.

Keywords: adolescent; adolescent fertility; adolescents; age at marriage; antenatal care; behavior change; blood pressure; child nutrition; Child survival; childbearing; complications ... See More + condoms; contraception; contraceptive prevalence; contraceptive use; education of girls; Family Health; Female; Female sterilization; females; Fertility; fertility rate; first birth; first marriage; first pregnancy; friendly clinics; gender; Gender equality; gender inequality; heterosexual intercourse; high-risk; high-risk pregnancies; HIV; HIV infections; HIV/AIDS; Human Development; inequities; live births; male contraception; married women; maternal death; maternal deaths; maternal health; Maternal Health Services; Maternal mortality; Maternal mortality rate; maternal nutrition; mothers; National Family Health Survey; Nutrition; nutritional status; postnatal care; Pregnancy; Pregnancy Outcomes; pregnant women; primary education; primary school; progress; purchasing power; purchasing power parity; quality of care; referral system; REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH; Reproductive Health Outcomes; rural areas; rural women; safe abortion; Safe Motherhood; screening; secondary education; service providers; service utilization; sex; sex workers; Skilled birth attendance; social mobility; UNDP; UNFPA; UNICEF; unwanted pregnancies; urban areas; urban women; World Health Organization; youth (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 4 pages
Date: 2014-11
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hea
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