India: Maternal and Reproductive Health at a Glance
Federica Secci and
No 93603, Health, Nutrition and Population (HNP) Knowledge Briefs from The World Bank
India is the third largest economy and has the second largest population in the world. It achieved millennium development goal (MDG) on poverty reduction; however, gender inequality still persists. Maternal mortality rate is 190 deaths per 100,000 live births, representing a 65 percent decline from 1990. Fertility fell to 2.5, while contraceptive prevalence rate increased to nearly 55 percent. Seventy-four percent of women sought antenatal care (ANC) from a qualified provider and 52 percent of births were attended by qualified providers. Wide gaps in contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR) and access to skilled-birth attendance remain by geography and wealth quintile. India will focus on preventing unwanted pregnancies especially among adolescents; improving demand-side strategies; strengthening access and quality in public and private sectors; improving antenatal, intranatal, and postnatal care; strengthening monitoring and evaluation (M and E) systems and reducing inequities; and improving nutrition.
Keywords: adolescent; adolescent fertility; adolescents; age at marriage; antenatal care; behavior change; blood pressure; child nutrition; Child survival; childbearing; complications ... See More + condoms; contraception; contraceptive prevalence; contraceptive use; education of girls; Family Health; Female; Female sterilization; females; Fertility; fertility rate; first birth; first marriage; first pregnancy; friendly clinics; gender; Gender equality; gender inequality; heterosexual intercourse; high-risk; high-risk pregnancies; HIV; HIV infections; HIV/AIDS; Human Development; inequities; live births; male contraception; married women; maternal death; maternal deaths; maternal health; Maternal Health Services; Maternal mortality; Maternal mortality rate; maternal nutrition; mothers; National Family Health Survey; Nutrition; nutritional status; postnatal care; Pregnancy; Pregnancy Outcomes; pregnant women; primary education; primary school; progress; purchasing power; purchasing power parity; quality of care; referral system; REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH; Reproductive Health Outcomes; rural areas; rural women; safe abortion; Safe Motherhood; screening; secondary education; service providers; service utilization; sex; sex workers; Skilled birth attendance; social mobility; UNDP; UNFPA; UNICEF; unwanted pregnancies; urban areas; urban women; World Health Organization; youth (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 4 pages
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