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Pakistan: Maternal and Reproductive Health at a Glance

Sameh El-Saharty, Naoko Ohno, Intissar Sarker, Federica Secci, Inaam Ul Haq and Aliya Kashif

No 93607, Health, Nutrition and Population (HNP) Knowledge Briefs from The World Bank

Abstract: Pakistan remains one of the region's poorest performers against MDG targets. Progress toward education, gender, and health MDGs are off track. Despite slow progress, maternal health indicators have improved: maternal mortality has declined by over half in 20 years. A half of deliveries has been provided by skilled health personnel. Disparities exist in access to maternal care by residence and wealth quintiles. Moreover fertility reduction has been slow at 3.3 in 2012 and contraceptive use is low. Nutritional deficiencies among pregnant women and children are prominent as half of them were moderately anemic. A number of key interventions have been adopted, including increasing accessibility of services at local level through the introduction of community midwives and setting target for improving EmONC services; setting the Minimum Service Delivery Standard for quality services; and improving maternal and child nutrition. Fertility reduction has been slow at 3.3 in 2012 and contraceptive use is low. Nutritional deficiencies among pregnant women and children are prominent as half of them were moderately anemic.

Keywords: access to education; adolescent; adolescent fertility; ambulance; ambulance services; anesthesia; blood pressure; child health; Child mortality; child nutrition; childbearing ... See More + cognitive development; complications; Condoms; contraception; contraceptive prevalence; contraceptive use; contraceptives; disease; doctors; economic reform; Employment; Equity in Access; female; female sterilization; Fertility; fertility rate; first birth; first marriage; folic acid; gender; Gender disparities; Gender Inequality; girls; health care; Health Centers; health indicators; Health Outcomes; health workers; hospitals; Human Development; income; infant; iron; live births; married women; maternal care; maternal deaths; maternal health; Maternal Health Services; maternal mortality; maternal mortality ratio; Medical Research; micronutrients; midwives; Ministry of Health; mortality rates; Nutrition; nutrition programs; Nutritional deficiencies; physical work; Population Knowledge; Population Studies; populous country; Postnatal care; Pregnancy; Pregnancy Outcomes; pregnant women; Progress; quality services; REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH; Reproductive Health Outcomes; rural areas; rural women; safe delivery; Service Delivery; Skilled birth attendance; skilled health personnel; specialist; under-five mortality; UNFPA; urban areas; urban women; World Health Organization (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 4 pages
Date: 2014-11
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hea
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