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Afghanistan: Maternal and Reproductive Health at a Glance

Sameh El-Saharty, Naoko Ohno, Intissar Sarker, Federica Secci and Sayed Ghulam

No 93616, Health, Nutrition and Population (HNP) Knowledge Briefs from The World Bank

Abstract: Afghanistan suffers from poverty and low human development aggravated by 23 years of conflict. In 2012, the population was 29 million and per capita income US $268. Economic growth was estimated at 3.6 percent in 2013, down from 14.4 percent in 2012. The transition led to investor and consumer wariness. Poverty reduction has stagnated at about 36 percent since 2007-08, while inequality increased (NRVA 2011-12). The Gini coefficient rose from 29.7 in 2007-08 to 31.6 in 2011-12. The large youth population ? 47 percent is under 15 ? is an opportunity to benefit from the demographic dividend through high growth and poverty reduction.The country ranks 175 out of 187 countries in the human development index.

Keywords: access to resources; adolescent; adolescent fertility; antenatal care; basic health services; blood pressure; child health; child mortality; complications; contraceptive ... See More + prevalence; contraceptives; Early childbearing; Economic growth; economic opportunities; family planning; Female; Female literacy; Fertility; fertility rate; first birth; first marriage; Gender; Gender equality; gender gaps; Gender Inequality; girls; health facility; Health Management; human development; Iron; Iron Deficiency; Iron Deficiency Anemia; LAM; live births; married women; maternal death; maternal deaths; maternal health; maternal health outcomes; maternal health services; Maternal mortality; Maternal mortality rate; Midwifery; Midwifery Education; Ministry of Health; mothers; Nutrition; pill; Postnatal care; Pregnancy; Pregnancy Outcomes; progress; public awareness; Public Health; REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH; Reproductive Health Outcomes; rural areas; rural women; schools; service quality; Skilled birth attendance; UNDP; UNFPA; UNICEF; urban areas; urban women; woman; World Health Organization; youth (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 4 pages
Date: 2014-11
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cwa and nep-hea
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