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Socioeconomic Differences in Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health: Family Planning

Jennifer Yarger, Mara Decker, Claire Brindis, Rafael Cortez and Meaghen Quinlan-Davidson

No 93933, Health, Nutrition and Population (HNP) Knowledge Briefs from The World Bank

Abstract: dolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH) is one of five areas of focus of the World Bank's reproductive health action plan (RHAP) 2010-2015, which recognizes the importance of addressing ASRH as a development issue with important implications for poverty reduction. Delaying childbearing and preventing unintended pregnancies during adolescence has been shown to improve health outcomes and increase opportunities for schooling, future employment, and earnings. This brief highlights the limited contraceptive use among adolescent women and the socioeconomic disparities in family planning among this population. The results indicate the importance of investing in programs aimed at increasing access to safe and effective contraceptive methods and expanding adolescents' knowledge of modern contraception, particularly among adolescent women in rural and poor areas and or those with limited or no education, regardless of marital status. Continued investment should be made in female education and empowerment as a means to reach economic development goals, as well as related goals, such as an increase in adolescent contraceptive use to reduce the incidence of unplanned pregnancies.

Keywords: abortions; access to health services; adolescence; ADOLESCENT; adolescent contraceptive use; adolescent females; adolescent women; aged; barrier methods; child survival ... See More + childbearing; condoms; contraception; Contraception for Adolescents; contraceptive method; contraceptive prevalence; contraceptive prevalence rate; contraceptives; contraceptives to adolescents; developing countries; development goals; diaphragms; effective contraceptive; FAMILY PLANNING; family planning behavior; family planning services; family planning use; female; female condom; female education; female sterilization; health outcomes; HIV; implications for poverty reduction; infections; intrauterine devices; IUD; lack of knowledge; lactational amenorrhea; levels of education; marital status; married adolescent women; married adolescents; married women; maternal health; modern contraception; modern contraceptive methods; modern contraceptive use; mortality; neonatal morbidity; Nutrition; old girls; oral contraceptives; policy dialogue; Population Knowledge; primary education; primary school; provision of services; REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH; rural areas; Sexual Behaviour; sexually active; sexually transmitted infections; social norms; SOCIOECONOMIC DIFFERENCES; socioeconomic status; UNFPA; unintended pregnancies; United Nations Population Fund; unmarried adolescents; unplanned pregnancies; urban areas; use of family planning; vulnerable populations; young people; Young Women; Youth (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 4 pages
Date: 2015-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hea
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:hnpkbs:93933