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Promoting Quality of Cervical Cancer Screening and Treatment in India

S Krishnan, E Madsen, D Porterfield and B Varghese

No 95700, Health, Nutrition and Population (HNP) Knowledge Briefs from The World Bank

Abstract: Cervical cancer screening is highly cost effective, feasible, and culturally acceptable in higher and lower income settings across the world. According to the World Health Organization and the World Economic Forum, screening for cervical cancer is an evidence-based ?best buy? prevention intervention (1). However, to be effective in reducing cervical cancer incidence and mortality, screening programs must be of high quality. Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer among women in India. In 2010, nearly 74,000 Indian women were newly diagnosed with the disease and 34,000 women died (2). Recognizing the challenge of cervical cancer in India, the World Bank published a review of research on cervical cancer prevention and implementation experiences of cervical cancer screening programs in the country (3). The review found that program effectiveness depends on the quality of screening interventions. Cervical cancer screening programs are effective when they achieve high coverage of the target population, ensure high rates of follow-up of women who screen positive, and provide services consistent with established standards and guidelines. Screening program quality, shaped by several factors described below, influences these outcomes.

Keywords: xiety; breast; cancer of the cervix; Cancer Prevention and Control; Cardiovascular Diseases; CERVICAL CANCER; CERVICAL CANCER SCREENING; Communicable Disease; communication ... See More + systems; community education; community health; community leaders; cytology; deaths; Diabetes; diagnosis; disease; DNA; exercises; family planning; fashion; female; flow of information; gender; gender norms; health care; health care providers; health care system; health facilities; health information; health workers; husbands; information system; intervention; lack of knowledge; local community; mortality; Nutrition; patient; patient information; Population Discussion; Population Knowledge; Progress; quality assurance; referral system; Reproductive Health; reproductive health care; respect; SCREENING; self-assessment; service utilization; social barriers; Specialist; transportation; TREATMENT; treatment services; urban community; workers; World Health Organization (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 4 pages
Date: 2015-03
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