Access to capital in rural Thailand: an estimated model of formal versus informal credit
Xavier Gine ()
No 3502, Policy Research Working Paper Series from The World Bank
The aim of this paper is to understand the mechanism underlying access to credit. The author focuses on two important aspects of rural credit markets in Thailand. First, moneylenders and other informal lenders coexist with formal lending institutions such as government or commercial banks, and more recently, micro-lending institutions. Second, potential borrowers presumably face sizable transaction costs obtaining external credit. The author develops and estimates a model based on limited enforcement and transaction costs that provides a unified view of those facts. The results show that the limited ability of banks to enforce contracts, more than transaction costs, is crucial in understanding the observed diversity of lenders.
Keywords: Payment Systems&Infrastructure; International Terrorism&Counterterrorism; Environmental Economics&Policies; Banks&Banking Reform; Economic Theory&Research; Banks&Banking Reform; Economic Theory&Research; International Terrorism&Counterterrorism; Financial Intermediation; Environmental Economics&Policies (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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