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The long-run impact of orphanhood

Kathleen Beegle, Joachim De Weerdt and Stefan Dercon

No 4353, Policy Research Working Paper Series from The World Bank

Abstract: This paper presents unique evidence that orphanhood matters in the long run for health and education outcomes, in a region of Northwestern Tanzania. The paper studies a sample of 718 non-orphaned children surveyed in 1991-94, who were traced and re-interviewed as adults in 2004. A large proportion, 19 percent, lost one or more parents before the age of 15 in this period, allowing the authors to assess the permanent health and education impacts of orphanhood. The analysis controls for a wide range of child and adult characteristics before orphanhood, as well as community fixed effects. The findings show that maternal orphanhood has a permanent adverse impact of 2 cm of final height attainment and one year of educational attainment. Expressing welfare in terms of consumption expenditure, the result is a gap of 8.5 percent compared with similar children whose mother survived till at least their 15th birthday.

Keywords: Health Monitoring&Evaluation; Street Children; Youth and Governance; Primary Education; Population Policies (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2007-09-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-afr and nep-dev
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:4353

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