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Should cash transfers be confined to the poor ? implications for poverty and inequality in Latin America

Pablo Acosta (), Phillipe Leite and Jamele Rigolini

No 5875, Policy Research Working Paper Series from The World Bank

Abstract: This paper compares for 13 Latin American countries the poverty and inequality impacts of cash transfer programs that are given to all children and the elderly (that is,"categorical"transfers), to programs of equal budget that are confined to the poor within each population group (that is,"poverty targeted"transfers). The analysis finds that both the incidence of poverty and the depth of the poverty gap are important factors affecting the relative effectiveness of categorical versus poverty targeted transfers. The comparison of transfers to children and the elderly also supports the view that choosing carefully categories of beneficiaries is almost as important as targeting the poor for achieving a high poverty and inequality impact. Overall, the findings suggest that although in the Latin American context poverty targeting tends to deliver higher poverty impacts, there are circumstances under which categorical targeting confined to geographical regions (sometimes called"geographic targeting") may be a valid option to consider. This is particularly the case in low-income countries with widespread pockets of poverty.

Keywords: Rural Poverty Reduction; Services&Transfers to Poor; Regional Economic Development; Poverty Monitoring&Analysis (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-lam and nep-ltv
Date: 2011-11-01
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Working Paper: Should Cash Transfers Be Confined to the Poor? Implications for Poverty and Inequality in Latin America (2011) Downloads
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