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Female business ownership and informal sector persistence

Ejaz Ghani (), William Kerr () and O'Connell, Stephen D.

No 6612, Policy Research Working Paper Series from The World Bank

Abstract: The informal sector in India has been exceptionally persistent over the past two decades. Is this a bad thing? Not necessarily. This paper shows that a substantial share of the persistence in India's unorganized manufacturing sector is due to the rapid increase in female-owned businesses. Had women's participation remained in the proportion to male-owned businesses that was evident in 1994, the unorganized manufacturing sector would have declined in share rather than increased. Most of these new female-owned businesses are opened in the household and at a small scale, about a third of the size of a typical male-owned business in the informal sector. Yet, it appears that these businesses offer economic opportunities not otherwise present and a transition for some women from unpaid domestic work.

Keywords: E-Business; Banks&Banking Reform; Population Policies; Housing&Human Habitats; Gender and Health (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dem, nep-dev and nep-iue
Date: 2013-09-01
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