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The gendered labor market impacts of trade liberalization: evidence from Brazil

Isis Gaddis and Janneke Pieters

No 7095, Policy Research Working Paper Series from The World Bank

Abstract: This paper investigates gender differences in the impact of Brazil's trade liberalization on labor market outcomes. To identify the causal effect of trade reforms, the paper uses difference-in-difference estimation exploiting variation across microregions in pre-liberalization industry composition. The analysis finds that trade liberalization reduced male and female labor force participation and employment rates, but the effects on men were significantly larger. Thereby, tariff reductions contributed to gender convergence in labor force participation and employment rates. Gender differences are concentrated among the low-skilled population and in the tradable sector, where male and female workers are most likely to be imperfect substitutes.

Keywords: Labor Markets; Labor Policies; Free Trade; Gender and Development; Trade Policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014-11-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-lab and nep-lam
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Citations: View citations in EconPapers (9)

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Related works:
Journal Article: The Gendered Labor Market Impacts of Trade Liberalization: Evidence from Brazil (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Trade Liberalization and Female Labor Force Participation: Evidence from Brazil (2012) Downloads
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