EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Pyramid capitalism: political connections, regulation, and firm productivity in Egypt

Ishac Diwan (), Philip Keefer and Marc Tobias Schiffbauer

No 7354, Policy Research Working Paper Series from The World Bank

Abstract: This paper uses an original database of 469 politically connected firms under the Mubarak regime in Egypt to explore the economic effects of close state-business relations. Previous research has shown that political connections are lucrative. The paper addresses several questions raised by this research. Do connected firms receive favorable regulatory treatment? They do: connected firms are more likely to benefit from trade protection, energy subsidies, access to land, and regulatory enforcement. Does regulatory capture account for the high value of connected firms? In the sample, regulatory capture as revealed by energy subsidies and trade protection account for the higher profits of politically connected firms. Do politically connected firms hurt aggregate growth? The paper identifies the growth effects of the entry of politically connected firms by comparing detailed 4-digit sectors where they entered, between 1996 and 2006, and sectors that remained unconnected. The entry of connected firms into new, modern, and previously unconnected sectors slows aggregate employment growth and skews the distribution of employment toward less productive, smaller firms.

Keywords: E-Business; Small Scale Enterprises; Economic Theory&Research; Banks&Banking Reform; Microfinance (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2015-07-02
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-afr, nep-ara, nep-bec and nep-eff
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (8)

Downloads: (external link)
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSC ... ctivity0in0Egypt.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:7354

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Policy Research Working Paper Series from The World Bank 1818 H Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20433. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Roula I. Yazigi ().

 
Page updated 2024-07-20
Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:7354