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Child Care Markets, Parental Labor Supply, and Child Development

Samuel Berlinski, Maria Marta Ferreyra, Luca Flabbi and Juan David Martin

No 9427, Policy Research Working Paper Series from The World Bank

Abstract: This paper develops and estimates a model of child care markets that endogenizes demand and supply. On the demand side, families with a child make consumption, labor supply, and child care decisions within a static, unitary household model. On the supply side, child care providers make entry, price, and quality decisions under monopolistic competition. Child development is a function of the time spent with each parent and at the child care center; these inputs vary in their impact. The structural parameters of the model are estimated using the 2003 Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, which contains information on parental employment and wages, child care choices, child development, and center quality. The estimates are used to evaluate the impact of several policies, including vouchers, cash transfers, quality regulations, and public provision. Among these, a combination of quality regulation and vouchers for working families leads to the greatest gains in average child development and to a large expansion in child care use and female labor supply, all at a relatively low fiscal cost.

Keywords: Reproductive Health; Early Childhood Development; Nutrition; Early Child and Children's Health; Children and Youth; Educational Sciences; Rural Labor Markets; Labor Markets (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020-10-06
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http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/87411160 ... hild-Development.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Child Care Markets, Parental Labor Supply, and Child Development (2020) Downloads
Working Paper: Child Care Markets, Parental Labor Supply, and Child Development (2020) Downloads
Working Paper: Child Care Markets, Parental Labor Supply, and Child Development (2020) Downloads
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