A Multi-Country Analysis of Multidimensional Poverty in Contexts of Forced Displacement
Sabina Alkire (),
Uche Eseosa Ekhator-Mobayode,
Julieth Santamaria and
No 9826, Policy Research Working Paper Series from The World Bank
Despite the many simultaneous deprivations faced by forcibly displaced communities, suchas food insecurity, inadequate housing, or lack of access to education, there is little research on the level andcomposition of multidimensional poverty among them, and how it might differ from that of host communities. Relying onhousehold survey data from selected areas of Ethiopia, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, and Sudan, this paperproposes a Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) that captures the overlapping deprivations experienced by poorindividuals in contexts of displacement. Using the MPI, the paper presents multi-country descriptive analysis to explorethe relationships between multidimensional poverty, displacement status, and gender of the household head. Theresults reveal significant differences across displaced and host communities in all countries except Nigeria. InEthiopia, South Sudan, and Sudan, female-headed households have higher MPIs, while in Somalia, those living inmale-headed households are more likely to be identified as multidimensionally poor. Lastly, the paper examinesmismatches and overlaps in the identification of the poor by the MPI and the $1.90/day poverty line, confirming the needfor complementary measures when assessing deprivations among people in contexts of displacement.
Keywords: Inequality; Poverty Assessment; Small Area Estimation Poverty Mapping; Poverty Diagnostics; Poverty Impact Evaluation; Poverty Lines; Poverty Monitoring & Analysis; Gender and Economic Policy; Gender and Economics; Gender and Poverty; Economics and Gender; Gender and Development (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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