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Generalizing the Causal Effect of Fertility on Female Labor Supply

Guillermo Cruces and Sebastian Galiani

William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series from William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan

Abstract: Abstract We study the effect of fertility on labor supply in Argentina and Mexico exploiting a source of exogenous variability in family size first introduced by Angrist and Evans (1998) for the United States. Our results constitute the first external validation of the estimates obtained for the US. External validation of empirical results is central to the making of rigorous science, but there are very few attempts to establish it. We find that the estimates for the US can be generalized both qualitatively and quantitatively to the populations of two developing countries where, compared to the US, fertility is known to be higher, female education levels are much lower and there are fewer facilities for childcare.

Keywords: Causality; Internal and External Validity; Childbearing and Female Labor Supply (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J13 J22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-lab and nep-ltv
Date: 2003-10-01
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:wdi:papers:2003-625

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