Specialization, gravity, and European trade in final goods
Richard Frensch (),
Jan Hanousek () and
Evžen Kočenda ()
No wp1054, William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series from William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan
By combining and extending the previous literature, we develop and test a gravity specification that views bilateral gravity equations rooted in a Heckscher-Ohlin framework as statistical relationships constrained on countries??? multilateral specialization patterns. According to our results, Heckscher- Ohlin specialization incentives do not seem to play much of a role in the average European bilateral final goods trade relationship. However, this aggregate view conceals that trade in final goods between Western and Eastern Europe is driven by countries??? multilateral specialization incentives, as expressed by supply-side country differences relative to the rest of the world, fully compatible with the incomplete specialization version of Heckscher-Ohlin. This indicates that many of the final goods traded between Western and Eastern Europe are still different, rather than differentiated, products.
Keywords: international trade; gravity models; panel data; European Union (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F14 F16 L24 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eec and nep-int
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Working Paper: Specialization, gravity, and European trade in final goods (2012)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:wdi:papers:2013-1054
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