Testing the causality between electricity consumption, energy use and education in Africa
Oussama BEN Abdelkarim (),
Adel Ben Youssef,
Hatem M'Henni () and
Christophe Rault ()
No wp1084, William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series from William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan
We investigate the existence of causal relationships between energy consumption and education (enrollment in primary secondary and higher education) for a sample of 16 African countries over the period 1971-2010 (according to availability of countries' data). We use the panel-data approach of K??nya (2006), which is based on SUR systems and Wald tests with country specific bootstrap critical values. Our results show that education and energy use are strongly linked in Africa. There is bidirectional causality between primary, secondary and higher education and energy use for several countries. Moreover, electricity consumption plays a crucial role in the energy-education links in Africa.
Keywords: Education; Energy use; Electricity consumption; Education for All; VAR. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q43 Q53 Q56 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:wdi:papers:2014-1084
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