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Changes in the Structure of Employment in the EU and Their Implications for Job Quality

Enrique Fernandez-Macias, Robert Stehrer and Terry Ward

No 354, wiiw Research Reports from The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw

Abstract: This study considers the overall implications of changes in employment patterns for the nature of the jobs in which people are employed and for job quality, in particular for the EU member states over the period 1995-2005. Jobs, defined as a particular occupation in a particular industry, are ranked according to their relative wage or their relative skill intensity. Given that these job rankings are relatively stable over time, we examine whether job expansion mainly took place for jobs in the lower or upper part of the ranking. Overall, the results suggest an increase in job quality in most of the countries included; in particular, the hypothesis of 'job polarization' could not be supported. The study further includes an analysis of differences with respect to job quality and changes in job quality for a number of other dimensions, such as gender, age, part-time working, fix-term contracts, etc.

Keywords: job quality; employment structures; gender; age; migrants (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J23 J24 J31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eec and nep-lab
Date: 2009-05
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