European Neighbourhood - Challenges and Opportunities for EU Competitiveness
Vasily Astrov (),
Mario Holzner (),
Gabor Hunya (),
Roman Stöllinger () and
Hermine Vidovic ()
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Hermine Vidovic: The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw, https://wiiw.ac.at/hermine-vidovic-s-18.html
No 382, wiiw Research Reports from The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw
(Report based on Background Study for European Competitiveness Report 2012, see http //ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/industrial-competitiveness/competitiveness-analysis/european-competitiveness-report/index_en.htm) Summary Countries belonging to the European neighbourhood are highly diverse. Their diversity is multidimensional (geographical, socio-economic, political, cultural, religious, etc.) and the individual dimensions all have important implications for EU policies towards the region(s), for EU institutional relations with individual neighbourhood countries and for these countries themselves – including their competitiveness. After mapping the economic situation and the competitiveness of the countries in European neighbourhood, the paper proceeds to an analysis of the selected aspects of these countries’ competitiveness The economic impacts of existing agreements between EU Member States and neighbouring countries. A simulation of various scenarios covering free trade in goods between the EU and some of its neighbours is attempted. Where possible, the effects of bilateral agreements on the growth and productivity of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the Rim countries are investigated. The economic impact and the impact on competitiveness of migration and remittances flows between Rim countries and EU Member States are investigated, as is the effect these have on the labour market. Conclusions are drawn and policy recommendations made on the basis of the analysis; these cover the challenges and opportunities for the competitiveness of EU enterprises and sectors in the neighbouring countries.
Keywords: European Union; EU Neighbourhood; competitiveness; foreign trade; FDI; labour market; migration; remittances (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D60 E2 F15 F21 F22 F55 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 154 pages including 24 Tables and 61 Figures
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