Distinguishing Between Genuine and Non-Genuine Reasons for Imposing Technical Barriers to Trade: A Proposal Based on Cost-Benefit Analysis
Mohammad Mahdi Ghodsi ()
No 117, wiiw Working Papers from The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw
Abstract This contribution provides a cost-benefit analysis in a partial equilibrium framework to investigate the welfare consequences of a prohibitive non-tariff measure (NTM) aimed at a foreign product with perceived negative characteristics. Two groups of consumers are distinguished one that is indifferent to the negative attributes of the foreign product and another that is concerned about them. Different scenarios concerning the welfare gains from the introduction of an NTM are explored. The results depend on consumer awareness and information policies pursued by the government. The theoretical model is illustrated with data on the consumption of cattle in eight northern states of the United States of America; this is related to Dispute Settlement 384 on Certain Country of Origin Labelling (COOL). The findings suggest that when the government informs consumers after an NTM that a harmful product is no longer available on the market, that favours domestic producers rather than consumers. Such a framework could assist the Dispute Settlement Body of the World Trade Organisation in determining the true motivations behind the imposition of an NTM.
Keywords: welfare; trade policy; non-tariff measures; technical barriers to trade; dispute settlement (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D61 F13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 36 pages including 4 Tables and 7 Figures
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-int
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