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Taxes, Wages, and the Labor Supply of Older Americans

Lucie Schmidt () and Purvi Sevak ()

No 2008-16, Department of Economics Working Papers from Department of Economics, Williams College

Abstract: Given the aging of the U.S. population, and the greater contributions of older workers to the labor force, understanding how policy levers can affect elderly labor supply has become increasingly important. In this paper we use data from the Health and Retirement Study linked to state identifiers to estimate the responsiveness of the labor supply of older workers to the wage and features of the tax code, both on the probability of participating in the labor market, as well as on hours of work for those who choose to work. We find that a 10 percent increase in the wage is associated with a five percent increase in participation, and we estimate slightly larger responses to marginal tax rates. These results suggest that government policies could increase the labor supply of older individuals by changing the returns to work through the tax code.

Keywords: Aging; Labor Supply; Elderly; Taxes (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2008-06
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Published in Research on Aging, 2009, 31(2): 207-232.

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Working Paper: Taxes, Wages, and the Labor Supply of Older Americans (2006) Downloads
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