The Gender Gap in Claiming Credit for Teamwork
Klara Kinnl (),
Jakob Möller () and
Anna Walter ()
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Klara Kinnl: Department of Economics, Vienna University of Economics and Business
Jakob Möller: Institute for Markets and Strategy, Vienna University of Economics and Business
Anna Walter: Institute for Markets and Strategy, Vienna University of Economics and Business; Institute for Advanced Studies Vienna
Department of Economics Working Papers from Vienna University of Economics and Business, Department of Economics
We investigate gender differences in individual credit claiming for teamwork. In a large-scale online experiment, participants work on an interactive task in teams of two and subsequently report their subjective contribution to the teamwork. In three between-subject treatments, we incentivize participants to either i) state their beliefs about their contribution truthfully, ii) to exaggerate their contribution, or iii) to exaggerate and thereby harm the other team member. Our setup allows us to distinguish between overconfidence and exaggeration with and without negative externalities, and to test whether there is a gender gap in credit claiming. We find that men and women both equally overestimate their contributions, but men exaggerate more than women: As soon as there is an incentive to exaggerate, men claim to have contributed more than women, even when exaggeration harms the team member. This gender gap in credit claiming is particularly pronounced among very large claims and for high-contributors. Strategic misrepresentations of contributions to teamwork can thus have sizeable equity consequences on the labor market.
Keywords: Experiment; Gender differences; Incentives; Team work; Overconfidence; Beliefs (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C92 D9 J16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-exp, nep-gen, nep-hrm and nep-lab
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:wiw:wiwwuw:wuwp345
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