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How is global commerce affecting the gender composition of employment? A firm-level analysis of the effects of exposure to gender norms via trade and FDI

Carolina Bernardita Lennon Zaninovic and Alyssa Schneebaum

No 331, Department of Economics Working Paper Series from WU Vienna University of Economics and Business

Abstract: Global firms have a higher share of female employees than domestic non-exporters. To explain this fact, this paper tests whether international trade and FDI are channels through which norms regarding gender (in)equality are transmitted from customers and investors to firms. We employ pooled cross-sectional data from 2007 - 2016 for around 28,000 firms in 104 different countries. We compare global versus non-global firms in the same market to study the infuence of firms' exposure to gender norms in commercial partner countries. The results show a race to the top for low- and mid-level jobs and the opposite for top managerial positions.

Keywords: globalization; international trade; FDI; tran gender; transmission of social norms (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2023-02
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-gen, nep-ifn and nep-int
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