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The impact of Brexit on trade patterns and industry location: a NEG analysis

Pasquale Commendatore (), Ingrid Kubin () and Iryna Sushko ()

No 267, Department of Economics Working Paper Series from WU Vienna University of Economics and Business

Abstract: We explore the effects of Brexit on trade patterns and on the spatial distribution of industry between the United Kingdom and the European Union and within the EU. Our study adopts a new economic geography (NEG) perspective developing a linear model with three regions, the UK and two separated regions composing the EU. The 3-region framework and linear demands allow for different trade patterns. Two possible ante-Brexit situations are possible, depending on the interplay between local market size, local competition and trade costs: industrial agglomeration or dispersion. Considering a soft and a hard Brexit scenario, the ante-Brexit situation is altered substantially, depending on which scenario prevails. UK firms could move to the larger EU market, even in the peripheral region, reacting to the higher trade barriers, relocation representing a substitute for trade. Alternatively, some EU firms could move in the more isolated UK market finding shelter from the competition inside the EU. We also consider the post-Brexit scenario of deeper EU integration, leading to a weakening of trade links between the EU and the UK. Our analysis also reveals a highly complex bifurcation sequence leading to many instances of multistability, intricate basins of attraction and cyclical and chaotic dynamics.

Keywords: capacity constraint; depreciation constraint; nonnegativity constraint; piecewise smooth system; border collision bifurcation; centre bifurcation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018-08
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eec
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