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A Time Series Model of Multiple Structural changes in Level, Trend and Variance

Jiahui Wang and Eric Zivot ()
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Jiahui Wang: MathSoft

Econometrics from University Library of Munich, Germany

Abstract: We consider a deterministically trending dynamic time series model in which multiple changes in level, trend and error variance are modeled explicitly and the number but not the timing of the changes are known. Estimation of the model is made possible by the use of the Gibbs sampler. The determination of the number of structural breaks and the form of structural change is considered as a problem of model selection and we compare the use of marginal likelihoods, posterior odds ratios and Schwarz' BIC model selection criterion to select the most appropriate model from the data. We evaluate the efficacy of the Bayesian approach using a small Monte Carlo experiment. As empirical examples, we investigate structural changes in the U.S. ex-post real interest rate and in a long time series of U.S. GDP.

Keywords: BIC; Gibbs sampling; multiple structural changes; posterior odds ratio (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C11 C22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 13 pages
Date: 1999-03-24, Revised 1999-03-31
Note: Type of Document - Adobe Acrobat; prepared on PC using TeX; to print on Postscript; pages: 13 ; figures: included
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