EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Das Human Kapital: A Theory of the Demise of the Class Structure

Oded Galor () and Omer Moav ()

GE, Growth, Math methods from EconWPA

Abstract: This paper hypothesizes that the demise of the 19th century's European class structure reflects a deliberate transformation of society orchestrated by the capitalists. Contrary to conventional wisdom, it argues that the demise of this class structure was an outcome of a cooperative, rather than divisive process. The research suggests that the transition from this class structure may be viewed as the outcome of an optimal reaction by the capitalists to the increasing importance of human capital in sustaining their profit rates. The paper argues that the process of capital accumulation gradually intensified the importance of skilled labor in the production process and generated an incentive for investment in human capital. Due to the complementarity between physical and human capital in production, the capitalists were among the prime beneficiaries of the accumulation of human capital by the masses. They therefore had the incentive to support public education that would sustain their profit rates and would improve their economic well-being, although it would ultimately undermine their dynasty's position in the social ladder. The research suggests that Karl Marx's highly influential prediction about the inevitable class struggle due to declining profit rates stemmed from an under appreciation of the role that human capital would play in the production process. The basic premise of this research, regarding the positive attitude of capitalists towards education reforms, is supported empirically by a newly constructed data set of the voting patterns on England's education reform proposed in the Balfour Act of 1902.

Keywords: Industrial Revolution; Human Capital; Growth; Class Structure; Education Reforms (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: B10 O10 O40 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev and nep-hpe
Date: 2004-10-05
Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 49
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations View citations in EconPapers (21) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://econwpa.repec.org/eps/ge/papers/0410/0410003.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Das Human-Kapital: A Theory of the Demise of the Class Structure (2006) Downloads
Working Paper: Das Human-Kapital: A Theory of the Demise of the Class Structure (2005) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:wpa:wuwpge:0410003

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in GE, Growth, Math methods from EconWPA
Series data maintained by EconWPA ().

 
Page updated 2018-01-12
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpge:0410003