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Availability of Financing, Regulatory Business Costs and National Entrepreneurial Propensity

Yuen Ping Ho () and Poh Wong ()

Industrial Organization from University Library of Munich, Germany

Abstract: In this paper, we focus on two barriers to entry that may hinder the formation of new firms: capital requirements and regulatory business cost. The contribution of this paper is twofold: we compare the availability of different types of financing sources to address the issue of capital requirement and we utilise a new measure of business cost by constructing a composite index using data from the World Bank’s Doing Business Database. Using cross-sectional data on 37 countries that participated in the 2002 Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, we examine the effect of availability of financing and regulatory business costs on the propensity of three different types of entrepreneurial activity:opportunity-driven, necessity driven and high-growth potential new firm formation. The availability of three types of financing sources is analysed: traditional debt financing, venture capital financing, and informal investments. The findings show that only informal investments significantly influence the propensity to be entrepreneurs. Regulatory business costs were found to deter opportunity driven entrepreneurship, but had no impact on other types of entrepreneurial activity.

Keywords: entrepreneurial activity; financing; venture capital; informal investment; business cost (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cfn, nep-ent and nep-reg
Date: 2005-04-28, Revised 2005-08-03
Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 30
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